Week 10 is at the very beginning of your baby’s fetal period, during which time she’ll do most of her tissue and organ development. The foundation has already been laid, because her kidneys, intestines, brain and liver are all there and beginning to get to work doing their respective jobs and continuing to develop.
Her extremities are also making some serious progress. Her fingers and toes have probably lost their webbing and are beginning to grow teensy nails at the ends. Moreover, her joints are allowing for some serious movement, including kicking and flexing of the wrists. If you could see her, you might notice a bit of peach fuzz on her delicate skin, as well as a bulging forehead that contains her swiftly developing brain.
Feeling happier, but still a little nauseous? No worries. You’re not alone here, because about half of all women experience morning sickness, which, despite its name, is as likely to happen at dinnertime as it is breakfast. You may be vomiting multiple times a day or perhaps it’s just a constant feeling of nausea.
No one knows exactly what causes nausea and subsequent vomiting during pregnancy, but it is often attributed to a combination of hormones and other physical changes. The good news is that for half of the women who experience morning sickness, their symptoms will go away by 14 weeks of pregnancy. If you were underweight before pregnancy and are not gaining a healthy amount of weight during pregnancy, it could affect your baby’s weight, so talk to your health care professional. You also may want to discuss your morning sickness if:
The vomiting or nausea is severe, especially if you can’t keep down any food or drinks for more than 12 hours or you see blood in the vomit
You see signs of dehydration, such as dark or infrequent urine or dizziness when you stand
You have abdominal or pelvic pain or cramping
Your heart is racing
You lose more than 5 pounds
Morning sickness isn’t usually harmful to women or their babies, but it is unpleasant. Make every effort to keep taking your prenatal vitamin to maintain healthy nutrients for your developing baby. If you have trouble keeping it down, try taking it at night or with a snack or chew gum or suck on hard candy after taking the vitamin. If these steps don’t help, talk to your health care provider.
Here are some things you can try to help prevent nausea and vomiting, keeping in mind that they don’t always work for everyone:
Eat smaller meals often throughout the day, avoiding an empty stomach.
Drink fluids regularly, particularly 30 minutes before eating. Water, ginger ale, lemonade and other cold, clear, carbonated or sour fluids are good choices. You also may want to suck on ice chips or ice pops.
Eat plain crackers, such as saltines, because the salty, neutral flavors have been shown to calm tummies. Some women find it helps to eat a few crackers or piece of dry toast before getting out of bed in the morning to settle an empty stomach. Foods that are high in carbohydrates and low in fat may be easier to digest.
Smell fresh lemon, mint or orange, either fresh or using an oil diffuser.
Steer clear of greasy, fatty and spicy foods, if they seem to upset your stomach. That plateful of nachos or loaded pizza before bedtime may not be a great idea.
Avoid foods and smells that trigger your nausea. This varies from person to person and may even vary from one pregnancy to the next, but, for some women, perfume, coffee, chemicals and smoke are common triggers.
Avoid visual or physical motion, such as flickering lights, driving mountain roads or going on a boat.
Get a breath of fresh air when you need to, because getting overheated may add to feelings of nausea, and exercise may alleviate them. Weather permitting, open windows when you can.
Wear an acupressure or “seasickness” bracelets, which can be found in drugstores. Acupuncture and hypnosis are other alternative treatments that some women find helpful.
Your health care professional also may talk to you about taking supplements, such as vitamin B6 and doxylamine, or antihistamines or other anti-nausea medicines. Do not take any supplements or medications without discussing them with your health care professional.